Consumption of vitamins is essential to stay healthy, energetic, active and full of life. However, not all of us know that these supplements also need to be consumed in certain quantities. When starting to take vitamins, it is necessary to consult how much we need and what is the established daily limit that we can ingest. Excess vitamin D is harmful.
We must not be satisfied with going to the pharmacy, buying medicines and taking them without prior knowledge or advice. You have to consider it many foods and drinks contain the amount of vitamins we need during the day, so taking a supplement would be pointless and could be harmful to your health.
In the case of vitamin D, this It is obtained from the transformation of cholesterol due to exposure to sunlight. Some people get enough sunlight and eat in a way that allows them to keep up with their reserves. However, others need a vitamin supplement to balance the low intake of this nutrient. The mistake lies in taking it without a prescription and in the doses we like.
Vitamin D poisoning
Vitamin D does not dissolve in water, so it is difficult for the body to get rid of it and, therefore, it accumulates. This nutrient functions like a steroid hormone and is found circulating within cells. Its functions are multiple within the human body. to exist articles that link maintaining adequate levels of this nutrient with a lower risk of developing disease, for example.
When there is an excess in the body, the places where the vitamin can deposit such as receptors and transport proteins become saturated and merging cannot be performed.
From the moment the compound is released into the body, begins to increase the absorption of calcium in the intestine. This causes hypercalcemia. Other affected places are soft organs such as lungs, kidneys and heart.
Some minor conditions that may also occur pursuant to art vitamin toxicity study published in the journal Frontiers in Endocrinology are the following:
- Nausea and vomit.
- Anxiety and depression.
- Muscle fatigue and bone pain.
The recommended daily intake of vitamin D should be less than 4,000 IU. However, the probability of poisoning from ingestion of the component through food or sunlight is minimal.
To poison of this component, the patient must have a level above 150 ng/ml (375 nmol/l) present in the blood.
Luckily, almost all cases of toxicity are reversible, and few actually cause calcification of the arteries or kidney failure.
Sometimes vitamin D toxicity has no symptoms. However, in moderate cases Some of the following conditions exist:
- Anxiety Contributions of vitamins in diets
- Kidney failure.
- Nausea and vomit.
- Hearing loss.
- Altered consciousness.
Method to eliminate vitamin D toxicity
- First of all, you need to go to the health center, where the tests necessary to detect the levels of the component in the blood are prescribed.
- We will phase out vitamin D supplements in case of abnormally high levels. Even consuming 10,000 IU per day, the risk of toxicity is low. However, it is best to keep the intake under 4000. In the case of children and the elderly, 700 IU per day will be sufficient.
- Generally, this medicine is prescribed to people whose places of residence have little sunlight.
- Evaluate your food intake: fish, legumes and vitaminized milk can provide between 600 and 1000 IU per serving. This, added to the exposure to the sun would be able to meet the quota that the organization requires.
- It will also be needed for reduce consumption of calcium-rich supplements or foods.
- Increase your intake of products that contain sodium and liquids.
Excess vitamin D should be avoided
In particular excess vitamin D can take months and even years to manifest, so it becomes a difficult disease to detect. You must learn to differentiate its symptoms from other diseases and Watch out for any changes.
In any case, don’t forget that the most frequent result is a deficiency of this nutrient, not an overdose. For this reason it is useful to consult your doctor to evaluate the levels of this vitamin, which can be related to the appearance of medium and long-term pathologies.
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