A number of 38% of Romanians, participants in a survey, believe that their locality is prepared for emergency and crisis situations. Approximately 45% of the survey participants believe that the Romanian Army has the ability to defend Romania, while 27% are of the opposite opinion.

According to the first survey carried out in Romania regarding national resilience, 38% of those interviewed believe that their locality is prepared for emergency and crisis situations.

38% of respondents fully or partially agree with the statement “My town is prepared for emergency and crisis situations”, while 25% neither agree nor disagree, and 32.9%% disagree partially or totally. 4.1% of the total sample do not know or do not answer this question.

How do Romanians relate to Romania’s preparation for emergency situations?

They tend to agree with the given statement to a greater extent than the rest of the population, especially: people with a higher income (who manage to have everything they need without restricting themselves from something), state employees, urban dwellers medium and small, respectively the West and South-East regions. People with a lower income, residents of Bucharest and large and very large urban areas, entrepreneurs/self-employed people express their disagreement with the given statement.

Approximately 45% of the survey participants believe that the Romanian Army has the ability to defend Romania, while 27% are of the opposite opinion.

45.6% of those interviewed fully or partially agree with the statement “The Romanian Army has the capacity to defend Romania”. 25.3% neither agree nor disagree, and 27% express partial or total disagreement. 2.1% of the total sample do not know or do not answer this question.

I agree with the given statement, especially people with a lower level of education, state employees, unemployed people, those with a higher income, residents of Bucharest. People aged between 45 and 60, those with a higher level of education, private employees, entrepreneurs/freelancers, those with a lower income, residents of large and very large urban areas disagree with the statement in a higher proportion than the population average.

A third (34%) of those interviewed believe that in the event of a state of emergency or national crisis, the mass media (televisions, radio, newspapers, internet) will do their duty properly

The statement “In case of a state of emergency or national crisis, I believe that the mass media (televisions, radio, newspapers, internet) will do their duty properly” meets the total or partial agreement of 34.8% of the survey participants. 28.5% neither agree nor disagree, and 33.7% express partial or total disagreement. The share of non-responses is 3.1% of the total sample.

State employees, unemployed people, residents of Bucharest, respectively from the South-West Oltenia and Bucharest-Ilfov regions agree with the given statement to a greater extent than the rest of the population. People between the ages of 30 and 45, those whose family includes at least two members, those with a lower income, entrepreneurs/freelancers, residents of large and very large urban areas express their disagreement with the given statement.

More than half of those interviewed do not trust political parties

The statement “In case of a national crisis, I believe that the political parties will do their duty properly” meets the total or partial agreement of 21.8% of the respondents. 24.5% neither agree nor disagree, and 52.6% express partial or total disagreement with the given statement. The share of non-responses is 1.1% of the total sample.

Young people under 30, pupils/students, state employees, rural residents agree with the given statement to a greater extent than the rest of the population. Disagreement with the given statement is higher among the following categories: people over 30 years old, private employees, entrepreneurs/self-employed, those without occupation, pensioners, people with lower income, residents of Bucharest, respectively from large and very large urban areas .

One in 3 Romanians (32%) believes that, in case of a national crisis, the country’s leadership will make the right decisions

32% of respondents fully or partially agree with the statement “In case of a national crisis, the country’s leadership will make the right decisions, having the ability to lead the country”, while 29.4% neither agree nor disagree, and 36.4% express partial or total disagreement. Don’t know or don’t answer 2.1% of the total sample.

I agree with the statement given, especially young people under 30, pupils/students, state employees, residents of Bucharest and medium or small urban areas. People over the age of 30, those with primary education, those with a lower income, entrepreneurs/freelancers, residents of large and very large urban areas, respectively from the South-East, South-Muntenia and North-West regions tend to be disagree with the statement given in a higher proportion than the other socio-demographic categories.

Almost 40% of Romanians rely on the help of the religious community they belong to

39% of the respondents appreciate that when they have problems and are struggling, their family relies on the help of the religious community they belong to always or very often, 22.4% sometimes or very rarely, and 37.5% never. 1.1% of the total sample do not know or do not answer this question.

I maintain that the statement given corresponds to their family situation always or very often especially older people, those whose family includes at least 4 members, people with primary education, pensioners, state employees and those without occupation, rural residents. People with higher education, private employees, residents of Bucharest, respectively the Bucharest-Ilfov and Center regions declare that the given statement corresponds to their family situation very rarely or never in a higher proportion than the average.

28% of those interviewed believe that in case of war, earthquake or other calamities, their family has the capacity to host refugees or disaster victims.

Approximately 1 in 4 Romanians has nowhere to take refuge

I fully or partially agree with the statement “In case of war, earthquake or other calamities, my family has the capacity to host refugees or victims” 28.6% of those interviewed. 24.3% neither agree nor disagree, and 44.4% express partial or total disagreement. 2.7% of the total sample do not know or do not answer this question.

I agree with the statement especially: people under the age of 30, those whose family includes at least 3 people, state employees, those with a higher income, rural residents, respectively from the North-East and South- East. People over the age of 45, those whose family includes one or two people, those with a lower education level, with a lower income, urban residents disagree with the statement to a greater extent than the rest the population.

Asked if they have relatives or friends in other localities or another country to which they can take refuge in case of war or calamity, 25.7% of the survey participants say that they do not. 23.7% state that they have relatives or friends they can call on in the country, 12.1% in the city, 27.3% both in the country and in the city, 10.5% in another country. 0.7% of the total sample do not know or do not answer this question.

They declare that they have no relatives or friends in other localities or another country to which they can take refuge in case of war or calamity, especially people over 60 years old, pensioners, those with a lower income, residents of Bucharest. People between the ages of 45 and 60, residents of Bucharest and medium and small urban areas, respectively from the South-West Oltenia, West and Bucharest-Ilfov regions. They maintain that they have relatives in the city to whom they can appeal, especially those whose family includes a single person, those with a lower level of education, pensioners, pupils/students, rural residents, respectively from the North-East and South-East regions. People under the age of 44, those whose family includes at least 3 people, those with a higher income, residents of the Center region say that they have relatives they can call on both in the country and in the city in a higher proportion than the rest of the population. As for those who have relatives in another country, there are no major differences according to the main socio-demographic characteristics analyzed.

How many Romanians have sent food or consumer goods to relatives?

24.9% of Romanians declare that in the last six months they have sent food or consumer goods to relatives from another locality, while 74.1% state the opposite, and 1% do not know or do not answer.

Young people under 30 years of age, pupils/students, those with a high income, medium and small urban, respectively rural residents declare in a higher proportion than the average that in the last six months they have sent food or consumer goods to relatives from another locality.

The majority of the population believes that the relations between the majority Romanians and the ethnic/national minorities are good, only around 15% are of the opposite opinion.

What do the percentages say about the relations between Romanians and ethnic minorities?

52.6% of those interviewed express total or partial agreement with the statement “Relations between the majority Romanians and ethnic/national minorities are good”, while 29.9% neither agree nor disagree, and 15.8 % express partial or total disagreement. The share of non-responses is 1.6% of the total sample.

State employees, residents of the Center and West regions agree with the given statement to a greater extent than the rest of the population. I disagree with the statement given especially by the residents of Bucharest, respectively from the Bucharest Ilfov, South-East and South-Muntenia regions.

The concerns and threats perceived by those interviewed: (1) the expansion in Romania of the war that Russia is waging in Ukraine: 65%, (2) the economic situation of their own family: 59%, (3) the danger of COVID to health: 33% .

Asked to what extent they are worried about the expansion in Romania of the war that Russia is waging in Ukraine, 29.9% of the participants in the survey say that they are very worried about such a prospect, 35.5% quite worried, 19.9 % neither worried nor calm, 7.5% quite a bit worried, and 6.3% not worried at all. The share of non-responses is 0.9% of the total sample.

Women, more worried about the expansion of Russia’s war with Ukraine in Romania

The following population categories tend to be more concerned about the expansion in Romania of the war that Russia is waging in Ukraine: women, people over 60, pensioners, unemployed people, urban residents (except Bucharest), respectively from the West and South-East regions. Young people, those with a higher income and residents of Bucharest are less worried than the rest of the population about the expansion of the war that Russia is waging in Ukraine in Romania.

20.4% of Romanians declare themselves very worried about their family’s economic situation, 38.3% quite worried, 25.3% neither worried nor calm, 10.3% quite a bit worried, and 5.3% not at all worried. 0.4% of the total sample do not know or do not answer this question.

Older people, those with a lower level of education, pensioners, those without occupation, those with a lower income, residents of the urban environment (except Bucharest) declare themselves very and quite worried about the economic situation of their family in -a higher proportion than the rest of the population. They say they are little or not at all worried about their family’s economic situation, especially: young people under 30, those whose family includes only one member, those with higher education, those with a higher income, residents of Bucharest.

How do Romanians relate to the danger of COVID-19?

11.1% of Romanians declare themselves very worried about the danger of COVID to their health, 22.5% quite worried, 27.9% neither worried nor calm, 15.8% quite a bit worried, and 21.9% not worried at all. 0.7% do not know or do not answer this question.

They are very and quite worried about the danger of COVID to their health, especially: people over 60 years old, pensioners, those with a lower income, residents of the North-East and West regions. Those aged between 30 and 45, those from families with at least 4 members, entrepreneurs/freelancers, residents of the South-East region are less worried about the danger of COVID to their health than the rest of the population.

The survey was carried out by INSCOP Research, commissioned by the University of Bucharest. Data was collected between September 14 and October 5, 2022 through face-to-face interviews. The stratified multistage sample included 1,500 people, being representative of the significant socio-demographic categories (sex, age, occupation) for the resident and non-institutionalized population of Romania, aged 18 and over. The maximum allowed error of the data is ± 2.6% at a 95% confidence level.

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