When summer approaches and nights of intense heat, methods to cool the house become essential. Although many homes have air conditioners, they usually have a high energy consumption. That’s why there are those who choose to replace or complete them with the installation of a ceiling fan.
These devices generate a more natural breeze, thanks to their blades that remove the air. They make little noise and match the aesthetics of the room. There are models of various materials, designed to adapt to any room in the house.
Installation is a simple task, suitable for doing it yourself. All you need is basic tools, such as screwdrivers, a ladder, and a drill. Furthermore, it is important know what kind of material the roof is made of.
1. Know the ceiling
This previous step is important, as some items for installing a ceiling fan depend on the materials your home was built from. For example, those cast in reinforced concrete require metal expansion bolts to support the weight of the object.
Those with ceramic vaults require rocker flip caps, which are steel fasteners. On the other hand, there are those known as countertops, made with plasterboard or plasterboard panels. In this case, rocker folding dowels are also used, which are inserted into the holes that these ceilings have and then open, like a kind of umbrella.
These constructions tend to be less resistant, so if there is any doubt about their condition, it is best to consult a professional before starting work. Anyway, it is important to make sure that the roof is in good general condition. In addition, the installation area must not be cracked or have pipes or other objects pass nearby.
2. Unplug and disassemble
The first step is to cut the electricity supply general, because you will be working with light wires. Next, remove any previous covers or installations and loosen the screws that secure those cables. Most fans include lightingan aspect to take into consideration when choosing its location.
3. Install ceiling light and holder
The next thing is to place the lighting panel. To do this accurately, it is advisable to mark the exact points where the dowels will be positioned with a pencil.
Once the space has been established, drill holes. Always use caution when using this tool. If you are unsure, consult someone experienced.
The thickness of the holes must be the same size as the dowels.. In general, 5mm. Then insert them into each hole and adjust until the stand is stable. This resistance is responsible for supporting the weight of the fan, so correct positioning and adjustment is essential.
4. Fit the blades
One of the most important details in installing a ceiling fan is mounting the blades. The specific directions for each model are usually in the manufacturer’s manual.
Generally, first adjust the screws of each and then the whole structure is placed on the central base. Still screwing in securely, but without forcing too much, as the mechanism can be deformed.
5. Electrical connection
Connecting the cables is a step that requires attention. Sometimes products include terminals, which are splice tabs that hold the cables. However, the general rule states that each color must be joined to its similar pair.
Those of phase can be brown, black or gray and must be connected with the one that is of the same tone. Like blue, which usually represents neutral. Finally, the earth connection is available in yellow or green.
6. Hang and hide the cables
It’s time to turn up the fan. With great caution, hang it up and hold it by the hook that holds the stand. Connect the terminals and the receiver. Some models are equipped with a remote control, which includes a motor.
In these cases, the sensor must be visible in order for it to receive the signal correctly. Finally, cover the wires with the protective casing and place the bulbs, if any. All that remains is to reactivate the electrical connection and check that everything works correctly.
Recommendations for choosing the location of a ceiling fan
It is important to take into account the size of the room. The bigger the room, the bigger the fan needed.
As for the place, it is usually placed in the center, to favor a more homogeneous distribution of the air. Another aspect to consider is that it must have a minimum distance of 2.5 meters from the ground.
It is recommended that the blades respect a margin of 50 centimeters with any nearby object or wall, so that they can rotate comfortably. In turn, they are located about 25 centimeters from the ceiling.
The most common fans have 4 or 5 blades, but there are 3 and 5 or more. Everyone must follow the rules of measurement: in spaces up to 13 m2, blades with a maximum length of 107 cm are used. For rooms between 13 and 18 m2, the blades range from 107 to 132 centimetres. In rooms from 18 to 28 square meters, it corresponds to a length of 132 to 160 centimetres.
Advantages of ceiling fans
Installing a ceiling fan, in addition to being simple, has other advantages over other cooling methods.
Its electricity consumption is low, with approximately between 20 and 60 watts. Many people choose to combine them with air conditioners. Some include reverse functions, which help keep the warm air from the stove going lower.
Durability and maintenance
Installing a ceiling fan is typically a one-time task per location. The useful life of the object is very long and its maintenance is also simple. Furthermore, being hung it does not occupy awkward spaces nor does it have to be stored.
Many people choose ceiling fans because of the low noise they generate.. In hot nights In summer, sleeping with the fan on does not cause discomfort, as the motor runs with a small hum.
Variety of models
The variety of fans to choose from is on the rise. They can be adapted to the design of any environment. Furthermore, there are models with or without light and others with LED lighting.
Prioritize quality and aesthetics
The choice of fan also depends on the budget with which it is available. However, it is advisable to invest a little more and have a quality model, which has a less noisy engine and more resistance.
For those looking for comfort, there are remote control fans, which include various speeds and even timers. As for the aesthetics, even if it is to personal taste, the metal ones are placed in the kitchen, while the wooden ones in the living room.
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