Risk factors in thrombosis

Thrombosis can give rise to serious pathologies. There are several risk factors that favor its appearance. Furthermore, the influence of good lifestyle habits is decisive in preventing this condition.

In this article, we will tell you about the risks and causes of thrombosis, as well as how to prevent and treat them.

Causes of thrombosis

  1. Reduction in blood flow velocity. This reduced flow can be due to excessive rest, a tight bandage, splint, venous condition, or dehydration.
  1. Yes there was an injury to a vascular wall. In this case it can be the product of an operation, a wound, an inflammation, venous alterations due to age, etc. Even in these cases there is an increased risk of thrombosis.
  1. There is also a major risk of thrombosis associated with age, overweight, tobacco use and pregnancy.

The need for treatment of thrombosis

Image of blood vessel with red blood cells
Thrombosis is caused by clots that become concentrated and block blood flow.

The venous system of the legs consists of superficial veins, located in the connective tissue that we have under the skin. There are also other deeper veins, integrated into the muscles.

  • To the form a clot in the deep veins of the leg, the return of blood to the heart will be very slow.

Symptoms of thrombosis in the leg

In a thrombosis the blood stagnates and the veins become inflamed; what follows is a sharp pain, similar to that from shoelaces. When the legs are elevated, this pain subsides. That can happen too the skin becomes very sensitive, warm and sometimes bluish in color.

Deep thrombosis of the leg can cause serious complications due to inflammation. If a piece of clot breaks off, it could result in an embolism.

It must not be forgotten three to five days after a thrombosis, the risk of an embolism is greatest. After venous obstruction has occurred, it is also common for a complication called post-thrombotic syndrome to arise; it is a lesion of the venous valves.

When there is a minimum suspect that a thrombosis has occurred, you need to quickly go to the hospital.

Risk factors in thrombosis

Leg with reddish spot.
Some habits can favor the appearance of a thrombosis.

Some factors that increase the risk of developing thrombosis are:

  • Tobacco and alcohol are two major risk factors for thrombosis.
  • Obesity and being overweight also increase the chances suffer from this disease.
  • The use of birth control pills is another major cause.
  • Damage caused to the wall of the veins.
  • Surgical interventions, especially in cases of orthopedic clinics in the knee.
  • Age. The older it is, the greater the risk.
  • Increased estrogen levels.
  • An excess of sedentary lifestyle.
  • If there is abnormal clottingwhich is known as hypercoagulability.
  • Pregnancy.
  • Crohn’s disease.

Ways to prevent thrombosis

The best way to prevent thrombosis is to avoid risk factors. For example: quit smoking, avoid using oral contraceptives and try to control our weight.

It is necessary that let us know if we are prone to developing blood clots and need some kind of preventative therapy. Family history data should be collected, hypercoagulability ruled out, and related presurgical tests performed before undergoing any surgery.

The most important form of prevention is the practice of sport. If you don’t play sports, you need to do some exercise like going for a walk; It is very important not to remain still for many hours. If we are sitting at work, it is necessary to take a few minutes to get up, stretch our legs and walk around a little from time to time.

The post Risk factors in thrombosis first appeared in research-school.



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