A balanced diet provides the amount of energy the body needs to function, as well as basic nutrients to maintain health and prevent disease. As, The risks of a vitamin deficiency are many. Therefore, these items should be part of your daily diet.
A good diet includes both essential and non-essential nutrients. Vitamins cannot be missing.
The main risk of a vitamin deficiency is that it facilitates the development of deficiency diseases. These occur when there is a deficit that the body cannot supply on its own.
Some of these diseases can be serious or chronic. Because of this, it is essential to avoid vitamin deficiencies.
The risks of a B vitamin deficiency
The B complex is a group of eight vitamins. All affect cellular metabolism and are associated with the nervous system. Its deficiency becomes very dangerous in many cases. These are the risks of a B vitamin deficiency:
- Vitamin B1 or Thiamine: its deficiency makes it easier for a person to contract the neurological disease called “beriberi”. This can lead to cardiovascular disorders.
- Vitamin B2 or riboflavin: its deficiency causes problems with the mucous membranes, such as dry eyes, constant tearing, inflammation of the tongue, etc.
- Vitamin B3 or niacin: Deficiency of this vitamin causes a serious disease called “pellagra”.
- Vitamin B5 or pantothenic acid: its deficiency causes neurological, dermatological and gastrointestinal problems.
- Vitamin B6 or pyridoxine: it gives rise to digestive or nervous problems, when it does not have a normal level.
- Vitamin B9 or folic acid:. the lack of this vitamin triggers megaloblastic anemia. It also affects growth and normal mental development.
- Vitamin B8 or biotin. when there is not enough of this vitamin, you risk suffering from dermatitis and gastrointestinal, nervous and muscular problems.
- Vitamin B12 or cobalamin. its deficiency gives rise to pernicious anemia and blood and neuromuscular problems.
vitamin C deficiency
Lack of vitamin C can cause a disease called “scurvy”. This is characterized by the weakening of the gums and their bleeding. In the medium term it causes the loss of dental pieces. It can also cause anemia, skin and hair changes. It is normal for it to cause bleeding and, at the same time, difficulty in healing.
Vitamin D deficiency
Vitamin D deficiency often causes a disease called osteomalacia. This is a bone difficulty, very similar to rickets. It is characterized because it ends up making the bones very fragile.
Many researchers suspect that vitamin D deficiency also affects several types of cancer.. There is evidence of a relationship between vitamin D deficiency and ovarian, prostate, breast and colon cancer.
It is also common for those who do not have a good level of vitamin D to suffer from it chronic fatigue and autoimmune diseases. The most common are type 1 diabetes, multiple sclerosis, arthritis, mood disorders, etc.
vitamin E deficiency
The risks of a vitamin deficiency are very high. While vitamin E deficiency is not common, it has serious consequences when it does occur. The normal thing is that there is not enough amount of this vitamin in the following three cases:
- When someone has metabolic diseases such as cystic fibrosis, celiac disease and others.
- If a baby is born prematurely and is very underweight.
- In case there’s a genetic anomaly.
Lack of vitamin E causes neurological problems. Also feeling tired and weak, as well as anemia. It is suspected that there is a relationship between this vitamin deficiency and infertility.
Deficiency of vitamins K and A
another god nutritional elements very important for the body. Vitamin K is also known as the “anti-bleeding vitamin”.”. As the name indicates, it participates in the processes of clotting and stopping bleeding. That is why its deficit gives rise to serious problems.
Furthermore, It is the cause of difficulties in bone development. It gives rise to malformations in the skeletal system. Also to the concentration of insoluble salts in the walls of the arteries.
Vitamin A deficiency is uncommon. When it occurs, it causes vision impairment and even blindness. It also affects skin problems and the growth and development of children.
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