‘I feel upset, depressed and irritable’ is one of the typical phrases that women express when they reach climacteric. Frequently women experience changes during menopause They don’t know what to attribute to.
A variety of hormonal imbalances occur during this time. AS, the physiological changes that occur are remarkablealthough these may also have an important effect on women’s behaviour.
perimenopause and menopause
Menopause occurs on average one year after the last menstrual period.. Before, perimenopause or climacteric, is a phase in which the body begins to produce less amounts of estrogen and progesterone, so the ability to bear decreases. This situation occurs around the age of 50.
It is at this time, when the changes during menopause begin, that hot flashes and night sweats appear.. You also experience difficulty sleeping, increased urinary tract infections, incontinence, and increased body fat around the waist.
Feeling lonely, mood swings, episodes of sadness and anger, These are things that arise without explanation. In some cases it causes low self-esteem. It is the emotional changes that join the physical ones at this stage. There are also problems with memory and concentration.
If a woman is melancholy, irritable or has depressive states, these will intensify during this period. Other people won’t experience major changes during menopause, or even for some women they will be more bearable.
A relationship with effects
The relationship between estrogen or female hormones and the synthesis of dopamine, serotonin and oxytocin has its effects. These neurotransmitters related to emotion management are linked to psychiatric and psychological disorders.
It is a link that has to do with feelings of irritability, decay, sadness, stress or anxiety. These types of sensations affect 70% of women who experience the menopauseand its duration can vary from six months to two years.
Some useful tips to alleviate the changes of menopause
Sunscreens and daily hygiene
To deal with the impact on the skin generated by the decrease in estrogen typical of menopause, there are several options. The use of a photoprotector suitable for the skin type is already necessary.
Daily hygiene is essential, as well as the use of products to restore the function of the skin barrier. This will minimize wrinkles, xerosis or skin dryness and flaccidity.
Skin aging is also linked to genetic and environmental factors.. It is advisable to correct the diet and avoid exposure to pollution, sunlight and tobacco to better deal with this phase.
How does my body change?
During this time, a redistribution of body fat usually occurs.. It moves from the hips to the waist and there may be weight gain in some women and weight loss in others. A balanced diet, rich in fruits, vegetables, legumes and greens, as well as daily exercise, help fight it.
Another problem that usually occurs at this stage is osteoporosis.. The fragility of the bones increases, especially in the hip, wrists and vertebrae of the spine, which can suffer fractures or crushing. The recommendation is to take care of calcium intake through dairy products and walk at least 20 minutes a day.
More checks and less salt
Prevention during perimenopause is vital, as otherwise it may increase cardiovascular risk factors and lead to arterial hypertension. Cholesterol levels can rise and diabetes develops. There are also higher chances of heart attack and stroke.
It is recommended to reduce the consumption of table salt, alcoholic beverages, fried foods, snacks and fast foods. Conversely, water intake is essential. Also It is strongly recommended to stop smoking and to maintain periodic checks of blood pressure, cholesterol and blood sugar.
To seek help
These physical changes bring emotional affectations. Low self-esteem, increased tiredness, the urge to cry and mood swings. It also decreases the sexual appetite.
In any case, you should seek help from a good professional. The gynecologist will help to mitigate the changes and treat any abnormalitiesin case it occurs.
a stage of life
The main recommendation is always to accept the changes during menopause as a natural stage.. Moderate daily exercise, a varied diet rich in vegetables, fruit and legumes and a break from unhealthy habits will help mitigate its effects.
You need to surround yourself with positive people, share with your loved ones and socialise. This is the best way to maintain a positive attitude towards life and strengthen self-esteem and self-confidence.
If you can understand menopause as a stage in your life and accept the changes that will occur, you can continue to enjoy it to the fullest. It’s just that, another phase of life.
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