There are a wide variety of medicinal plants with scientific backing. That means, Its components and properties have been studied by professionals, who have determined that they have potential as adjuvants in the treatment of certain diseases.
Indeed, as they say article published in Journal of Advanced Pharmaceutical Research and Technologyh, a wide variety of medicines considered essential are made with plant-derived extracts. Even so, there are those who still appreciate the applications of plants in their natural form. What are the most popular? Discover them!
Medicinal plants with scientific support
Traditionally, Plants have been used since ancient times for the purpose of treating the symptoms of various diseases. As a consequence of this, scientific studies have been carried out over time which have made it possible to validate or exclude the properties attributed to them.
Likewise, their research helped determine which doses are safe, which can cause side effects, and in which situations they are contraindicated. Although the list is quite extensive, in the following space we detail the top 6 medicinal plants with scientific backing.
Chamomile is a medicinal plant with many applications. As exhibited by a article published in Molecular medicine reports, its main uses have to do with the relief of anxiety, stress and stomach problems. However, there are those who also use it against pain and dermatological problems.
The plant is distinguished by small flowers, similar to those of the daisy. It usually comes in two varieties: “German chamomile” and “Roman chamomile.” It is often used as an infusion, but is also available in essential oils and extracts, among other presentations.
A review disclosed in Physician electronic journal catalogs it as a “multipurpose plant,” as trials have established that it has anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antidepressant, antidiarrheal, hepatoprotective, and antidiabetic properties. Some of its uses are as follows:
- Knee osteoarthritis.
- Ulcerative colitis.
- Premenstrual syndrome.
- Gastrointestinal disorders.
- Anxiety and stress.
Does it cause side effects? Is it contraindicated? For most healthy adults it is considered safe. However, its excessive consumption is not recommended. There is also reports of allergic reactions AND interaction with anticoagulants.
Lavender is one of the best known and most used scientifically backed plants. In particular, it is appreciated for its anxiolytic activity Reduces symptoms of stress and anxiety. A study published in Mental health clinician supports these properties and claims it has a favorable efficacy and safety profile.
Its natural oils, like herbal presentations, support the treatment of anxiety disorders without causing addiction or significant side effects. Also its application for this purpose It’s approved by the European Medicines Agency (EMA).
Other possible uses include the following:
- As an antibacterial and antifungal.
- Smooth muscle relaxant (carminative).
- Sedative and antidepressant.
- Skin soothing in case of burns and insect bites.
Echinacea remedies are quite well known. In addition to its striking purple flowers, this plant has been used in the form of teas, juices and extracts to boost the immune system and improve health. So, a journal study Pharmacognosy reviews points out that it is an herb with immunostimulating and anti-inflammatory properties.
To be more precise, It is used in the treatment of flu, colds and other respiratory conditions. Likewise, it acts as a pain reliever in case of toothache, intestinal pain, skin disorders and arthritis, among other diseases.
As for its possible side effects, there is some controversy. While some essays they concluded that it is safe, others have determined that it can cause adverse reactions such as abdominal pain and allergies. Therefore, it should be used with caution.
4. Ginkgo biloba
Within the list of medicinal plants with scientific support, ginkgo biloba It is notable for its multiple medicinal uses. It is a widely used herb in oriental medicine, both in the form of capsules, tablets, extracts, leaves and much more.
Recent research, such as e.g Posted in Aging and disease, claim that the plant has shown potential as an ally in the prevention of ailments related to aging. In particular, it appears to help brain health by lowering the risk of dementia.
On the other hand, the a study disclosed in Drug design, development and therapy determined that ginkgo also contains components that contribute to the treatment of type 2 diabetes. However, more studies are needed to evaluate its safety and efficacy.
Until now, they warn possible side effects like the following:
- Involvement of the liver, which makes it necessary to control liver enzymes.
- Interacts with blood thinners and other medications.
- Its seeds are poisonous if eaten.
- Long-term excessive use is associated with an increased risk of thyroid problems and liver cancer (seen in rats).
- In some people it causes headaches, indigestion, dizziness or allergic reactions.
5. St. John’s wort
St. John’s Wort is also known as “hypericum”. It is a plant with calming effects, as it has antidepressant and anxiolytic functions. In particular, as argued by a article review published in Systematic reviews, Contains hypericin and hyperforin.
These substances are active ingredients with antidepressant potential which, among other things, help relieve anxiety. Furthermore, it has antibacterial and anti-inflammatory effects and is used against symptoms of menopause. Some side effects are as follows:
- Drug interaction.
- Burning and tickling sensation.
- stomach ache.
When it comes to the best medicinal plants with scientific backing, peppermint cannot be ignored. Due to its properties, it is one of the most widespread and used vegetable ingredients in the world. Specific, It is used to soothe digestive system discomfort, headaches, and respiratory system diseases.
In this regard, the a scientific article published in Phytotherapy Research states that mint leaves concentrate phenolic components, such as rosmarinic acid and various flavonoids whose assimilation contributes to the maintenance of health. In general, it has anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antimicrobial, analgesic and immunomodulatory activities.
Its moderate use is safe for most healthy adults. In excess, it can be irritating. Moreover, the plant can interact with some medicines; thus, if you are under any drug treatment, it is best to consult your doctor before trying mint remedies.
Medicinal plants with scientific backing should be used with caution
Although science has confirmed many of the properties of the plants mentioned, this does not mean that they can be used as a first option for the treatment of diseases. Most of the time they are just a supplement to reduce the symptoms of certain conditions.
Its effects also tend to be temporary and don’t always happen as the person expects. In any case, evidence suggests that they may be adjuvants for many patients. Therefore, it is worth trying them if there are no contraindications.
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