In its normal state, the vagina contains yeast in varying amounts. When these proliferate excessively, it can lead to a yeast infection which is very annoying and irritating at times.
produced by the fungus Candida it is one of the most common. However, it’s important to clarify this not considered a sexually transmitted diseaseas it is not necessary to have sex to get it.
Let’s go deeper.
What is vaginal yeast infection?
As we have already mentioned, vaginal candidiasis, also known as Candida vulvovaginitisit’s a infection caused by the excessive proliferation of different types of fungi Candidathe most common is yeast candida albicans.
Second exhibits the Mayo Clinic, occurs when the immune system is weakened or when a series of circumstances occur which favor the excessive reproduction of this type of yeast naturally present in the intestinal and vaginal flora.
Moreover, it is estimated to affect 3 out of 4 women at some point in their lives. In general, it is usually mild and your symptoms improve within a few days without causing any complications.
Although not considered a sexually transmitted disease, there is an increased risk of infection from sexual contact of any kind, the contact between the mouth and the genitals being particularly dangerous. Therefore, transmission to one’s sexual partner is possible if adequate prevention measures are not used.
Although it’s not that common, yeast infection can occur in the penis and also in scrotum, causing redness, swelling and itching in the area.
Causes of yeast infection
The vagina naturally contains fungi and bacteria in varying proportions. The quantity of the different types of microorganisms responds to a balance: the LactobacillusFor example, They work to prevent the overgrowth of fungi.
If this balance is disturbed, ideal conditions are created for the proliferation of some microorganisms, such as the candida fungus. The overgrowth or penetration of this yeast into the deeper cell layers results in vaginal yeast infection.. The main causes of infection are these:
- Alterations of the balance of the bacterial flora: The use of antibiotics to treat other infections can generate changes in the vaginal lining, leading to the proliferation of this yeast.
- Hormonal changes: This yeast infection is more common in women who have high estrogen levels. This can happen in women pregnant or following a hormone treatment that stimulates the production of this hormone.
- compromised immune system from treatment with corticosteroids, HIV, obesity, diabetes or cancer.
- Changes in vaginal pH. A more basic vaginal pH will facilitate the reproduction of the yeasts that cause this infection.
The most frequent symptoms of yeast infection are as follows:
- Thick, white, lumpy, and usually odorless vaginal discharge.
- Whitish creamy coating on the vagina and vulva.
- Inflammation, itching and irritation in the vulva.
- painful urination
- troublesome sexual intercourse
- Cracks or sores on the lips.
Yeast Infection Treatment
Vaginal yeast infection is easily treated within days with antifungals. If this is not the first time you have had this disease and you recognize the symptoms, you can buy over-the-counter creams and suppositories at pharmacies.
However, if this is your first time getting this infection, you should see a doctor to assess the condition of the infection and can tell you how to recognize it on future occasions. It is vitally important that you complete the entire treatment and follow the application instructions correctly.
Sexual abstinence is recommended during the healing process. Don’t have oral or vaginal sex, as the friction can cause more irritation in the affected area. It should also be noted that some creams used for yeast infection contain oils that can cause some types of condoms to break.
Prevention of yeast infections
Some of the general recommendations to prevent vaginal candidiasis are as follows:
- Moderate sugar consumption.
- Use cotton underwear, without dyes or dyes.
- Change tampons and pads often.
- Extreme hygiene measures during menstruation.
- Avoid using harsh soaps and perfumes in the genital area.
- Lead a healthy lifestyle, eat a balanced diet and play sports regularly.
Don’t ignore the symptoms
yeast infection It is not classified as a sexually transmitted infection (STI), as it can occur through other routes of infection. Despite this, it can occur after sex, as sexual contact is one of the forms of transmission.
Therefore, it is important to remain vigilant and use contraception when in relationships. At the first symptoms, it is essential to consult a doctor so that she can prescribe the appropriate treatment.
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